A Very Bizarre Festival and Ancient
Chinese Religion in Sanxia, Taiwan
"What do you think about ancient Chinese religion?"
That's what a young Taiwanese lady asked me as I was trying to shoot a picture of an old man who was painting red Chinese characters on a living fish
that was hanging (and wagging) from the lip of a huge, dead sacrificial
pig. I turned to answer the girl, but the crowd had already swallowed
An Unusual Festival...
I first heard about Sanxia (also spelled Sansia) about 6 years ago, when one of my friends mentioned an unusual festival
where families compete to grow the biggest sacrificial pig to celebrate
Qingshui's Birthday! Last Chinese New Year, after 6 years of curiosity,
I decided to head up north, in the mountains of Taipei County, to check
it out firsthand.
Note: Qingshui is a Chinese deity that originated in Fujian, China. He was an important figure in ancient Chinese religion.
Brian, wanna go to Sanxia next weekend to shoot some pictures of the
pigs at that crazy festival? We could catch the latest train, hitchhike and get there early morning... What do you think?"
Brian is also into photography and he loved the idea from the start. "Sure man, I'll go with you!"
On The Road
We took the train from Taichung
around 11pm and got to Banqiao (just outside Taipei) 2 hours and 4
beers later. From there, we hitchhiked 20km south. The first car
stopped as soon as I put my thumb up - classic. The second took a bit
longer, maybe 3 minutes. Then things got a bit confused...
ended up on a long, dark road by a train track, where the only cars
passing us were cops and taxis. Not the ideal spot to catch a ride. But
I didn't care too much. The walking was good and Brian had good stories
to tell. Plus, we had 2 full bags of beetle nuts to keep us awake.
Then, out of nowhere, we heard some music...
Is that a KTV?!
We couldn't believe our ears! Out in the middle of nowhere (and I mean nowhere), around 4am, was a mom and pop KTV in a large container
(as in transport container, yes). Did I mention that Brian and I enjoy
having a drink? The Chinese god and the pigs were gonna have to wait a
Did you really think this article was about ancient Chinese religion or
Sanxia? Just kidding, we're getting there... Stay with me!
A World Class Shrine
Don't ask me how... but we finally got there!
We arrived in Sanxia, at Qingshui Zushi Temple,
where the festivities were going to be held, around 8am. It's the best
time to visit the temple - you get the good morning light, the air is
still crisp, and the colors are at their sharpest.
shrine is said to be Taiwan's most beautiful and ancient Chinese
religion connoisseurs from all around the world come here every year to
admire and study this piece of art. I have to admit that I was truly
impressed by the intricate craftsmanship and the general decor of the
We were not the only photographers
on the site, that's for sure. The majority of the people who were
walking around were equipped with the latest digital cameras, tripods,
professional flashes and huge camera bags. It was a good sign - surely,
some decent action was on its way.
The celebration begins...
First, some priests
appeared in the main hall, dressed in traditional attires. They read
some ancient Chinese prayers, rang bells, burned paper and sticks of
incense, then read some more... That part was a bit too serious for me
- I was still in the KTV mood.
Then came the worshipers. I believe I saw the entire population of Taiwan pass through the temple's main entrance to burn a stick. Ok, maybe not that many, but I mean... it was packed.
The front courtyard was a sea of humans and still, more people were
coming from all the surrounding alleys. This was no place for
Ancient Chinese Religion - The Taiwanese Way!
After burning tons of incense, the visitors gathered on the temple's courtyard to watch supernatural beings
(giant puppets) dance among a mad storm of firecrackers. Everyone in
the crowd was climbing on top of each other to get better views, the
music was deafening and I was having a real blast!
Then some pick-up trucks rolled in the mayhem to display giant sacrificial pigs. They were all showing impressive tattoos and calligraphy on their bodies. It was an arrestingly disturbing sight.
How weird is that?
I've seen crazy things in Taiwan, but that beat everything. Some of the pigs seemed to reach as high as 8 feet tall.
I touched one of them and it felt like a balloon. Wait a minute... I
had to see what this was all about. I made my way behind one of the
hogs to find that the beast was being blown by an air compressor!
I remember thinking: that's how you guys honor your gods?!
the madness went up one more notch. Elders started planting sticks of
incense in pineapples that were in the pigs' mouths. A man in trance
was patting one of the beasts while looking at the sky, chanting and
swaying, his eyes lost in a different world. And then came the fish
that was going to be hooked to one of the hogs' lip.
When the girl asked me "what do you think about ancient Chinese religion?" I was gonna reply: "It's fascinating, but some parts just don't make sense to me!" Maybe it's just not something one should try to analyse to much. Still, I'm sure you'll agree with me that's it's kind of odd?
the end, the farmers who win the contest are supposed to have a
prosperous year. I think that's pretty much all there is to say about
the Sanxia Festival.
Shopping and Eating on Sanxia's Old Street
nice attraction is Sanxia's old street with its double-story red-brick
shops. Some of the buildings still use mortar made of glutinous rice
and crushed seashells, a Dutch recipe. And talking about recipes, the
old alley is also where you'll find small eateries that sell Taiwanese snacks and drinks.
Getting There and Away - Getting Around
Hitchhiking is cool, but it's not for everyone, I'm aware of that!
The fastest way to make it to Sanxia is to take the train to Yingge, a little town 3km away, across Highway 3. Walking between the station and Sanxia's temple takes about an hour. A taxi
won't cost more than NT150 between these two points. Taipei-Yingge by
train is about NT35; 30 minutes. Trains leave every 30 minutes.
View Larger Map
More Taiwan Travel Links for you...
Taipei Travel, The Temples: Discover the capital's heartbeat!
Lotus Pond in Kaohsiung: Pagodas and Pavillions
Lugang: Glimpses of Old China in Modern Taiwan
And you might even want to see what Wikipedia has to say on ancient Chinese religions in this article.
Return from Ancient Chinese Religion in Sanxia to Taipei.